• রবিবার, ০২ অক্টোবর ২০২২, ০৬:৩৭ অপরাহ্ন
ব্রেকিং নিউজ
এ বছরে নোবেল প্রাইজের জন্য মনোনীত বাংলাদেশী চিকিৎসক রায়ান সাদী কক্সবাজারে ৪২ কোটি টাকায় বনায়ন, নতুন রূপে সাজবে হিমছড়িসহ কক্সবাজার জেলা। পুলিশের প্রশিক্ষণ খাতে এনজিওগুলো শত শত কোটি টাকা অনুদান পেয়েছে : বেনজীর আহমেদ  রোহিঙ্গা ক্যাম্পে গত রাতেও ০১ জন খুন, অস্থিতিশীল অবস্থায় স্থানীয়রাও চরম আতংকে। র‍্যাব-৭ কর্তৃক ২ লক্ষ ৩৮ হাজার ইয়াবাসহ ০৩ জন আটক। র‍্যাব-৭ কর্তৃক ২ লক্ষ ৩৮ হাজার ইয়াবাসহ ০৩ জন আটক। উদ্ধারকৃত ইয়াবার আনুমানিক মুল্য ৬ কোটি। উখিয়া রেঞ্জকর্মকর্তার তত্ত্বাবধানে উদ্ধারকরা ৩ শতাধিক বক অবমুক্ত করা হয় উখিয়া রোহিঙ্গা ক্যাম্পে এক রোহিঙ্গা ভলান্টেয়ারকে ধারালো অস্ত্রের আঘাতে নির্মমভাবে খুন। ঘুংধুম সীমান্তে চরম উত্তেজনায় এসএসসি ও সমমানের পরিক্ষার কেন্দ্র পরিবর্তন শাড়ি পরে কলেজে গেল ছেলে, ছবি পোস্ট করলেন ‘গর্বিত’ বাবা!

The Rohingya Problems and the Myth of Bangladesh: A Review

AnonymousFox_bwo / ৮৯ মিনিট
আপডেট সোমবার, ২২ আগস্ট, ২০২২

(1st Part)
-BY M.R AYAZ ROBI.

In the history of 51 years of independent Bangladesh, our dear independent sovereign country Bangladesh is being faced the most difficult crisis in inter-state relations for the about last 6 years. The crisis of displaced Rohingya people in Myanmar, sheltered in our country, is called ‘Rohingya crisis’. Even though the length, width and depth of this crisis has widened since August 25, 2017, six years ago, Bangladesh has been involved in this crisis since 1978. As the saying goes, ‘one drop of time is equal to 10 drops of time’.

All the previous governments of Bangladesh have failed to foresee/realize the problems in the form it has taken today and also failed to take any timely practical measures. For a long time, the large number of unaccounted Rohingyas illegally staying in various areas of Ukhia Teknaf in Cox’s Bazar as well as all over the Country has become a kind of poison for Bangladesh. Because this problem is not only bilateral, but also multilateral and international also !

Many people have tried to talk about what to do in this regard, many meetings have been held between the state representatives of both countries, but no proper work or solution has been done yet. So far it has not been possible to repatriate/send a single Rohingya to their homeland.

Myanmar’s internal conflict with the Rohingyas dates back to 1948 and has a long history. But the pressure on Bangladesh as it is today has been created in the period from 1978 to 2017, in the last 44 years. Rohingyas have come, we have also provided shelter. Again, the Myanmar government also thought that if the Rohingyas are chased a little better, all the Rohingyas will go to Bangladesh, the border of Bangladesh is open for them. Rohingya issue and Arakan state also parts of international conspiracy too.

Many have tried to say that it is part of an international conspiracy to displace the Rohingyas and push them to neighboring countries. Since the independence of Bangladesh, each government has adopted a different state policy on the Rohingya and due to the stubborn policy of the Myanmar government, both the Rohingya community and the Myanmar government have failed to understand the correct position on the Rohingya issue and find a way to a good solution. Of course, we also could not handle the issue very well.

For the first time in 1977-78 and for the second time in 1990-91, hundreds of thousands of Rohingyas were expelled from Arakan/ forcely pushed towards Bangladesh and took refuge in Bangladesh. But the journey had just begun during 1977-78, when Bangladesh had been ruled by a military Government. Many have tried to say that Bangladesh was permanently involved in this problem due to the view of the then military government and the failure to observe and evaluate the situation with far-sightedness. Many, however, have tried to say otherwise. (According to dissidents, then the military Government was very efficient in handling the Rohingya issue, which has now become a tailspin). The Rohingyas have thought that Bangladesh is an easy shelter for them. On the other hand, many types of skepticism may have been created in the mind of the Myanmar Government. As many as two-and-a-half lakhs returned at one time, but another two-and-a-half lakhs remained in Cox’s Bazar region. Then sporadically more Rohingya started entering Bangladesh. It can be said that from the mid-nineties to eve of August 25, 2017, about four lakh Rohingya illegally came and settled in various areas of Ukhia and Teknaf in Cox’s Bazar. Since 1978, the Rohingya population of Arakan has been forced to leave their homeland in various ways by the majority population and the ruling group of Myanmar.

My personal experience is around 1990-91. Bangladesh’s war with Myanmar had reached its peak. Both the countries had almost completed the war preparations in Ukhyia Teknaf area with modern soldiers, weapons, ammunition, cannons, tanks, war equipment. At any moment the battle was ready to start—only a whistle was left! The reason for sharing my experience is that the main tactical base of the war was around the hills of our garden house, where today the Ukhia University College is located, especially on the opposite side of the Ukhia College (on the vast hill called Sheeler Rham), the army base was spread over a wide area on the south-west side. Thousands of army, tanks, artillery, war materials were stored in the area.
There, a very large map of Myanmar was painted on the ground by the brave army of our country. On that map, he was observing the initiations of various tactics from the map – where, how, in which way the military junta of Myanmar will engage in frontal battle, where the enemy’s army bases, tank forces, armored forces, land forces, navy, air force and so on were training by hand. At that time the sensitive area was reserved for the general public but we (me and my cousin friend) being in the area were very much loved by the soldiers and officers, we got a chance to get close to them. Since they were new in the area, they used to have various conversations with us to get to know about the area. Then I was a class ten or SSC exam candidate. I still remember that we joined some soldier friends in digging trenches in our garden house area to protect country Martika. Many Rohingya came to Bangladesh as refugees. It is a great history!

After that, in August 2017, I saw millions of Rohingya people leaving their own houses, leaving their homes, and seeking shelter in the Ukhia Teknaf area of this country. Here I want to say one thing unequivocally, as many Rohingyas who came to this country since 1978, after the mediation of both countries, most of them returned, but many of them mixed with our people and became lonely for a long time. Bengalis are by nature a foreign caste. We welcome the guests, then we find ourselves destitute after finding them with houses. Many have married the sons and daughters of the Rohingya community or kept them as their closest relatives for years! More recently, about one million Rohingya refugees are living in the vast area of Ukhia Teknaf.
The extent to which such a large number of displaced citizens of neighboring countries, one might say angry citizens of their own country, illegally entering and settling in Bangladesh can be dangerous to the security of the state, has not been seriously considered or noticed by the policy makers of the state. No counting, registration and control of who is coming, going, staying is done properly. However, later the state has tried to bring them under a census with the help of biometric devices and software. But doing it properly has not been possible in many cases. The result is what happened. Cross-border security arrangements have been disrupted several times. A group of terrorists also looted weapons from Ansar camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh on May 12, 2016. Ansar commander Ali Hossain was killed. The current government of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina wants to provide all kinds of support to Myanmar for a permanent solution to this problem. But the military government of Myanmar did not accept it and walked the opposite way again and again. Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has proved that all kinds of security related concerns of Myanmar can be eliminated almost hundred percent through Bangladesh-Myanmar understanding. If Myanmar were to follow this path, the security problems would be eliminated and at the same time, the Rohingya problem would also be solved permanently.

But the Myanmar government has sought to solve the problem through repression, torture and deportation. A tragic and inhumane example of which is the incident of August 25, 2017 and its aftermath. Within a month from August 25, 2017, 5 Lacs and then another 4 Lacs totaling more than 9 Lacs Rohingyas entered Bangladesh. In total, more than 1.3 million displaced Rohingyas, including the previous four million, are entering and staying in Bangladesh due to endless torture. Humanity is above all. Bangladesh has proved it. The whole world, including the United Nations, has supported Bangladesh’s proposal and position regarding the return of Rohingyas to their country. It is no longer an internal matter of Myanmar. Not just a Myanmar-Bangladesh issue, it is now an international issue.
There are no such crimes against humanity, including ethnic cleansing, genocide, rape, arson, that the Myanmar Army committed against the displaced Rohingya population. The fact-finding committee set up by the UN Security Council recently released its preliminary report. Six senior military officers, including Myanmar’s army chief, have been accused of those crimes. the Committee has recommended that the accused be tried by the International Court of Justice or by a special tribunal under the auspices of the United Nations. According to the report, Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi cannot escape responsibility for the crime. Even though the whole world is united, only because of China, the international community is not able to take strong action against Myanmar. China has blindly sided with Myanmar to protect its geopolitical interests. All humanity has abandoned in the South China Sea. Bangladesh is carrying out diplomatic activities with great efficiency on all fronts of international arena including bilateral, multilateral. Although Myanmar has moved away from its previous strict stance, there is no sign be visible that they will take back the Rohingyas very soon. Everyone has questions about Myanmar’s sincerity and interest. So it is with good reason that everyone says that the problem is not be easily solved.

Bangladesh may have to bear the burden of about 1.3 million Rohingyas for a long time. If the road to a solution is long, keeping the international community active on this issue at the same level as it is now may become a challenge for Bangladesh in the future. On the other hand, half of the 1.3 million Rohingya are children and adolescents. They will grow up. If even a small number of them chooses the path of terrorism and insurgency out of anger, frustration, hatred and revenge, it will be very dangerous for the security and stability of the entire region. Not only Myanmar, China, India can not stay out of this danger. All the interests of India and China inside Myanmar will be under constant threat.

( To be Continued…)

The writer is a Journalists & Columnist. Joint Secretary Bangladesh Mofossal Sangbadik Forum (BMSF) Coxsbazar District & Vice President-Upazila Press Club Ukhiya.

 


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